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Can Rabbits Eat Cabbage? A Bunny Diet Investigation

Are you a bunny parent seeking to spice up your furry friend’s mealtime with leafy greens?

Have you wondered, “Can rabbits eat cabbage?”

You’re not alone in this nutritional conundrum.

Let’s unravel the mystery behind the cabbage question and discover how this common vegetable fits into your bunny’s diet.

Rabbits can eat cabbage. It provides essential nutrients like fiber, vitamins, and minerals beneficial for them. However, it should be given in moderation to prevent potential digestive issues. Always introduce new foods gradually to your rabbit’s diet.

Key Take Aways

  • Rabbits can eat cabbage, which provides fiber, vitamins, and minerals beneficial for them. However, it should be given in moderation to prevent potential digestive issues.
  • The diet of domesticated rabbits has evolved, yet it should still align with their natural high-fiber, low-sugar diet. Foods that don’t align with this can cause digestive issues and other health problems.
  • The nutritional value of cabbage for rabbits includes high fiber content for good digestion, vitamins C, K, and B, calcium, and potassium, all contributing to overall rabbit health.
  • While cabbage offers beneficial nutrients, it can also present some dangers like gas and bloating, a risk of enteritis, and thyroid issues due to substances known as goitrogens.
  • Different types of cabbage – green, savoy, and red – offer similar benefits but should all be given in moderation. Anthocyanins in red cabbage can cause a harmless reddish hue in rabbit urine.
  • Cabbage should be introduced to a rabbit’s diet gradually, starting with small pieces and observing for any reactions. Even after a successful introduction, rabbits should be regularly monitored.
  • The Rabbit Welfare Association and Fund in the UK suggests providing a variety of vegetables and herbs for pet rabbits, including cabbage.
  • Most of a rabbit’s diet should still be hay, supplemented by leafy greens and the occasional treat, to prioritize the rabbit’s health and happiness.

History and Origins of Domestic Rabbits’ Diet

rabbits eating in their hutch

The diet of rabbits, like many animals, has evolved significantly over the centuries, particularly with the advent of domestication.

Understanding rabbits’ natural dietary behavior can provide valuable insights, especially when introducing new foods, such as cabbage, to a pet rabbit’s diet.

In the wild, rabbits primarily forage on grasses, hay, and leafy greens. Their digestive systems are perfectly adapted to this kind of diet.

The constant grazing on fibrous material helps to wear down their teeth, which continually grow throughout their lifetime.

Additionally, the high fiber content aids in maintaining a healthy gut flora, which is crucial for the rabbit’s overall health and well-being.

When rabbits were domesticated, the staple of their diet, hay, remained unchanged. However, the variety of foods available to pet rabbits expanded.

They now have access to various vegetables and fruits and commercial rabbit pellets formulated to provide the nutrients for a balanced diet.

This doesn’t mean all new foods are automatically suitable for rabbits. Each new food must be considered carefully for its nutritional content and potential health impacts.

As descendants of foragers, domestic rabbits still thrive on a high-fiber, low-sugar diet. Foods that don’t align with this, even some types of vegetables, can cause digestive issues and other health problems.

That’s where the cabbage question comes in. Cabbage is a leafy green vegetable that aligns with the rabbit’s natural diet, which is high in fiber and nutrient-rich. However, its introduction to a pet rabbit’s diet should still be done cautiously.

The Nutritional Value of Cabbage for Rabbits

a whole and a half cabbage with molecular symbols

Rabbits are creatures of habit and prefer a consistent diet, primarily composed of hay, a small number of pellets, and a varied selection of vegetables.

One such vegetable you might consider is cabbage, a common household vegetable known for its nutritional value.

But what does cabbage offer our furry friends?

Here’s a breakdown of the key nutrients in cabbage and their benefits:

  • High Fiber Content: Just like humans, rabbits require a fiber-rich diet. The high fiber content in cabbage aids digestion and keeps your rabbit’s gastrointestinal tract running smoothly. It helps prevent conditions like gastrointestinal stasis, a common yet severe problem in rabbits.
  • Vitamin C: Cabbage is rich in Vitamin C, an antioxidant that plays a crucial role in the growth and repair of body tissues and supports the immune system. While rabbits can produce Vitamin C internally, supplementing it through diet can help ensure their needs are fully met.
  • Vitamin K: This vitamin plays a pivotal role in bone metabolism and blood clotting. Providing your rabbit with Vitamin K through their diet improves their bone health and ensures normal blood clotting.
  • B Vitamins: Cabbage contains several B vitamins, including B6 and folate. These vitamins help convert food into energy, promote healthy brain function, and aid in producing certain hormones.
  • Calcium and Potassium: Essential minerals such as calcium and potassium in cabbage contribute to your rabbit’s overall health. Calcium is vital for bone health, while potassium ensures proper heart and muscle function.

Remember, while cabbage provides these nutrients, it should only be a small part of your rabbit’s diet, primarily hay.

Feeding your rabbit cabbage provides beneficial nutrients that can supplement their diet. However, an understanding of the benefits and potential risks is key.

Health Benefits and Potential Dangers of Cabbage for Rabbits

cabbage chopped in half

Health Benefits of Feeding Cabbage to Rabbits:

  • High Nutritional Value: Cabbage is packed with vitamins and minerals. Vitamins C, K, and B and calcium and potassium ensure a balanced diet, promoting overall health.
  • Digestive Health: Cabbage is a high-fiber food. This fiber supports a healthy digestive system in rabbits, aiding in regular bowel movements and preventing constipation, a common issue among rabbits.

However, feeding your rabbit cabbage isn’t without risks.

Potential Dangers of Feeding Cabbage to Rabbits:

  • Gas and Bloating: Rabbits have sensitive digestive systems, and consuming too much cabbage may lead to a gas buildup, causing bloating. This can lead to discomfort or pain and, in severe cases, cause GI stasis, a life-threatening condition.
  • Risk of Enteritis: Overconsumption of cabbage may lead to enteritis, an inflammation of the small intestine. This can be a serious condition and fatal if not addressed promptly.
  • Thyroid Issues: Cabbage contains substances known as goitrogens that, when consumed in large amounts, can interfere with the function of the thyroid gland. This could lead to goiter, a condition characterized by an enlarged thyroid gland.

Always observe your rabbit’s reactions to new foods, and consult a vet if you notice any changes in their behavior or health.

Types of Cabbage and Their Effects on Rabbits

different types of cabbage on a light blue background

There are several varieties of cabbage, each with its nutritional profile and potential impacts on your rabbit’s health and well-being. Here are the most commonly available types and their effects on rabbits:

  • Green Cabbage: The most common variety of cabbage is rich in fiber and vitamins. It can be a nutritious addition to a rabbit’s diet. However, like all types of cabbage, it should be introduced gradually and fed in moderation.
  • Savoy Cabbage: Known for its ruffled leaves, it is a good option for rabbits. It’s softer and generally more accessible for them to digest than some other varieties. Again, feed in small amounts to prevent digestive issues.
  • Red Cabbage: Red cabbage is safe for rabbits to consume and offers a similar nutrient profile to green cabbage. However, it contains a high level of anthocyanins, pigments that can change the color of your rabbit’s urine to a slightly reddish hue. This is completely harmless and has no cause for concern.

Remember, regardless of the type of cabbage you choose; it should always be fed as part of a balanced, varied diet, and never in excess.

How to Feed Cabbage to Your Rabbit

feeding a rabbit a cabbage leaf

Introducing cabbage into your rabbit’s diet should be done carefully and incrementally to prevent adverse reactions. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to do it:

  1. Start Small: Begin by feeding your rabbit a small piece of cabbage. This helps you to observe their initial reaction to the new food and identify any immediate digestive problems.
  2. Monitor Their Reaction: Watch your rabbit’s behavior and bowel movements closely after feeding them cabbage. Signs of discomfort or changes in the stool may indicate that your rabbit has difficulty digesting the cabbage.
  3. Incrementally Increase Portions: If there are no adverse reactions, gradually increase the amount of cabbage in your rabbit’s diet. Introducing new foods should be slow to prevent upsetting their digestive system.
  4. Maintain a Balanced Diet: Even if your rabbit enjoys cabbage and shows no adverse effects, it shouldn’t constitute more than a quarter of the leafy greens in their daily intake. Providing a variety of leafy greens will ensure your rabbit receives a wide range of nutrients.
  5. Regular Monitoring: Even after successfully introducing cabbage into your rabbit’s diet, it’s essential to continue monitoring their behavior and physical health. Any changes could be a sign of underlying issues that may need attention.

According to the Rabbit Welfare Association and Fund in the UK, they recommend providing a variety of vegetables and herbs for pet rabbits, including cabbage.

The association suggests two options to offer the variety rabbits would enjoy in the wild.

One is to choose treats from a list of sweet vegetables, rotated daily throughout the year, including cabbage.

The other option is to provide seasonal vegetables, selecting fresh options monthly to promote a happy and healthy rabbit.

Final Thoughts

feeding  rabbits vegetables

Cabbage can be a healthy addition to your rabbit’s diet when given in moderation, contributing to nutrient intake.

When introducing new foods, do it slowly and watch your bunny’s reaction to ensure proper digestion.

Despite the importance of providing a variety of foods, most of their diet should still be hay, supplemented by leafy greens and the occasional treat. Ultimately, the goal is to prioritize your rabbit’s health and happiness.


Can I feed wild rabbits cabbage?

While it’s technically safe, feeding wild rabbits isn’t usually recommended, as they have their natural diet in the wild.

What other vegetables can rabbits eat daily?

Rabbits can safely consume bell peppers, cucumbers, zucchini, and more. For a comprehensive list, see our full guide on rabbit diets.

Can rabbits have cabbage and cauliflower?

While rabbits can eat cabbage, cauliflower is a different story. It can cause severe gas and bloating, so it’s best to avoid it.


1. Rabbit. (2023, July 10). In Wikipedia.

2. Rabbit Breeders. (2 018, August 30). Can Rabbits eat Cabbage? – Safely Feeding Bunnies FAQs Guide. Retrieved from

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